Trentino-Alto Adige is walled in by the Rhaetian Alps and the Dolomites, so that only about 15 percent of the region's territory is cultivable and much that is produces fruit and wine grapes. The difficulty of training vines over wooden pergolas on hillside terraces compels growers to emphasize quality. More than 80% of production is DOC and a major share of the wine is exported.
Trentino, around the city of Trento (or Trent) to the south, is historically Italian in language and culture.
Trentino's Teroldego stand with northern Italy's most distinguished wines, making wines of singular personality. Trentino's Marzemino makes a fresh, lively red for casual sipping.
Increasing space has been devoted to Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot, which can reach impressive heights whether alone or in blends.
The sweet Moscato Rosa, with its gracefully flowery aroma, is a rare and prized dessert wine.
Trentino has Italy's largest production of Chardonnay, is a leader with sparkling wines by the classical method, many of which qualify under the recent but already prestigious Trento DOC.